Significance of Building Information Modelling
BIM which refers to building information modelling is a technique that has been adopted in the AEC industry that helps to plan and manage projects effectively. During the design process, BIM facilitates creation of digital representations of buildings by using geometry and relevant data. The AEC industry has benefited a lot from this technology as they are able to utilize various software tools in order to come up with the construction designs. Improving operability between teams, better scheduling as well as effective coordination of building and construction projects are additional benefits. A virtual information is created by the design team which consists of engineers, surveyors as well as architects who later on pass the model to contractors who implement the design. The virtual construction model is achieved even before one moves to the site of construction.
Documentation of the entire process is usually accurate and very high quality due to BIM technology. Reduction of the building lifecycle is implemented with this technology which helps to improve the level of interaction among engineers, architects as well as contractors. Any conflicts that may arise among the designers can be eliminated by using this technology as it plays a major role in coordination of the building lifecycle. Improved construction management is also facilitated in addition to production of accurate quantity take-offs. Projects that done with the aid of BIM technology tend to be more accurate and cost-effective as well.
Unlike manual drawings, BIM is more superior as it uses 3D objects that can be read by the computer and any errors in a building model can be quickly identified and corrected automatically. There is a significant reduction in number of errors and change orders with the help of this technology. BIM provides significant data that is essential in many ways such as generating bills for construction materials which comes in handy during placing order as well as cost estimation. Therefore, better integration of the construction process is enhanced for the building model.
BIM makes use of tools that are quite different unlike those used in CADD. Online simulation of a construction provides better products to owners that are more affordable which is what BIM mostly involves. The main feature of this technology is the use of coordinated computable information during the design process. Better performance predictions, cost estimates, construction planning as well as better decision making is enhanced with the model created. Since BIM is implemented during the entire building life cycle, it is used during operation as well as maintenance stages.
Before its implementation, BIM technology enhances creation of different components of the construction in order to minimize the design lifecycle altogether. Another advantage of using BIM technology is that aids in eliminating wastage of construction material which leads to lower project costs.